How to Create an AI Calculator Using Python

Faraz

By Faraz - June 12, 2024

Learn how to create an AI calculator using Python with our step-by-step guide. Perfect for beginners and includes a sample code.


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Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Understanding AI Calculators
  3. Setting Up Your Python Environment
  4. Full AI Calculator Source Code
  5. Use the Calculator
  6. Explanation of AI Calculator Source Code
  7. Conclusion

1. Introduction

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has transformed many fields, and now it's making its way into everyday tools like calculators. Building an AI calculator using Python is a rewarding project for both beginners and experienced developers. This guide will take you through the process, from setting up your environment to writing the code and testing your calculator.

2. Understanding AI Calculators

What is an AI Calculator?

An AI calculator is a sophisticated version of a traditional calculator. It uses artificial intelligence to handle more complex calculations, recognize patterns, and provide advanced functionalities that go beyond basic arithmetic operations. AI calculators can solve equations, interpret user input more intelligently, and even learn from past calculations to improve accuracy and efficiency.

Benefits of Using AI in Calculations

Using AI in calculators offers numerous benefits. It enhances the accuracy of complex calculations, reducing human error. AI calculators can process and analyze data faster than traditional methods, making them ideal for scientific, financial, and engineering applications. Additionally, AI can adapt to user habits, providing a more personalized and efficient user experience.

3. Setting Up Your Python Environment

Installing Necessary Libraries

Before you can use the AI Calculator script, you need to make sure that you have all the necessary libraries installed. This script requires Python 3 and the ChatterBot library. To install these dependencies, open a terminal or command prompt and run the following command:

pip install chatterbot

Setting Up Your Development Environment

Setting up your development environment is crucial for a smooth coding experience. You can use any text editor or IDE, but Visual Studio Code and PyCharm are popular choices due to their features and ease of use. Make sure your Python environment is correctly configured, and you have all the necessary libraries installed.

4. Full AI Calculator Source Code

from chatterbot import ChatBot
import os
# naming the ChatBot calculator
# using mathematical evaluation logic
# the calculator AI will not learn with the user input
Bot = ChatBot(name='Calculator',
              read_only=True,
              logic_adapters=["chatterbot.logic.MathematicalEvaluation"],
              storage_adapter="chatterbot.storage.SQLStorageAdapter")


# clear the screen and start the calculator
os.system('cls' if os.name == 'nt' else 'clear')
print("Hello, I am a calculator. How may I help you?")
while (True):
    # take the input from the user
    user_input = input("me: ")

    # check if the user has typed quit to exit the prgram
    if user_input.lower() == 'quit':
        print("Exiting")
        break

    # otherwise, evaluate the user input
    # print invalid input if the AI is unable to comprehend the input
    try:
        response = Bot.get_response(user_input)
        print("Calculator:", response)
    except:
        print("Calculator: Please enter valid input.")

5. Use the Calculator

To use the AI Calculator, simply type a mathematical expression at the prompt and press enter. The calculator chatbot will evaluate the expression and return the result. For example:

me: 2 + 2
Calculator: 4

You can enter any valid mathematical expression, including addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, and exponentiation. The calculator chatbot will evaluate the expression and return the result.

To exit the calculator, simply type quit at the prompt and press enter.

6. Explanation of AI Calculator Source Code

Here is a detailed explanation of each part of the code:

1. Importing Libraries

from chatterbot import ChatBot
import os
  • ChatBot is imported from the chatterbot library, which is used to create and manage chatbots.
  • os is a standard library used for operating system dependent functionality, such as clearing the console screen.

2. Creating the ChatBot Instance

Bot = ChatBot(
    name='Calculator',
    read_only=True,
    logic_adapters=["chatterbot.logic.MathematicalEvaluation"],
    storage_adapter="chatterbot.storage.SQLStorageAdapter"
)
  • A ChatBot instance named 'Calculator' is created.
  • read_only=True: This setting ensures the chatbot does not learn from the user input, making its responses consistent and predictable.
  • logic_adapters: Specifies the logic adapter to be used. Here, MathematicalEvaluation is used, allowing the bot to evaluate mathematical expressions.
  • storage_adapter: Specifies the storage adapter. SQLStorageAdapter is used to manage storage in an SQL database, but since learning is disabled, this aspect isn't actively utilized.

3. Clearing the Screen

os.system('cls' if os.name == 'nt' else 'clear')
  • This line clears the console screen. cls is used for Windows (nt), and clear is used for Unix-like systems (Linux, macOS).

4. Greeting the User

print("Hello, I am a calculator. How may I help you?")
  • This prints a greeting message to the user.

5. Starting the Main Loop

while (True):
    user_input = input("me: ")
  • An infinite loop is started to continuously take input from the user.
  • user_input = input("me: "): Prompts the user to enter a mathematical expression or command.

6. Checking for Exit Command

if user_input.lower() == 'quit':
    print("Exiting")
    break
  • If the user types "quit" (case insensitive), the program prints "Exiting" and breaks the loop, thus ending the program.

7. Evaluating User Input

try:
    response = Bot.get_response(user_input)
    print("Calculator:", response)
except:
    print("Calculator: Please enter valid input.")
  • If the user input is not "quit", the program attempts to get a response from the Bot.
  • response = Bot.get_response(user_input): The chatbot evaluates the user input as a mathematical expression.
  • If the input is valid and can be evaluated, the result is printed.
  • If there is an exception (e.g., the input is not a valid mathematical expression), an error message is printed.

7. Conclusion

Building an AI calculator using Python is an excellent project that combines basic programming with advanced AI techniques. By following this guide, you can create a tool that not only performs standard calculations but also leverages machine learning for enhanced capabilities. Whether you're a beginner or an experienced developer, this project offers valuable insights into the power of AI in everyday applications.

That’s a wrap!

I hope you enjoyed this article

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Thanks!
Faraz 😊

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