Java vs C: The Greatest Programming Language Debate in History

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By Faraz -

There is a lot of debate in the programming world about what the best programming language to learn is. One of these major arguments is C vs Java. Many people believe that Java would be an easier learning experience for beginners, but some say that C would allow them to write faster and more efficiently. If you want to know what each language offers and how they compare, read on!

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Java, the most popular language in the world, is known for its Software Development Processes (SDPs), high-level programming language features, and rapid development time. Meanwhile, C is a versatile language that has been used for a wide variety of applications including system programming, network programming and application development. Although their popularity may vary from country to country, these two languages have been fiercely fought over by programmers for years.

In this article, we will compare and contrast the two languages and determine which one is better.

The history behind C and Java

Java and C have been the main programming languages for many years now, but their popularity is not without controversy. In this article, we will explore the history behind these programming languages to see which one is truly the greatest.

C was created in the early 1980s by Dennis Ritchie while he was working at Bell Labs. Java was created by Sun Microsystems in 1995. At first, they were quite similar, but over the years they have developed different features and become two very different languages.

What is Java?

Java is a versatile and powerful programming language that originated in the 1990s. Originally designed as a language for the Java platform, it has since been used to create applications for a variety of platforms, including desktop computers, mobile devices, and servers. Java is an object-oriented language and provides built-in support for multithreading and network communication. Java is also known for its strong type system and its use of abstraction mechanisms.

Here are some of the features that make Java stand out:

  • The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) is very efficient when it comes to running programs. This means that Java programs can run quickly on computers, even on older machines.
  • Java is a garbage collected language, which helps to optimize memory usage and avoid potential crashes.
  • Java has a well defined object-oriented programming (OOP) framework that makes writing code easier.
  • Java is platform independent, meaning that it can be used to create applications for desktop, mobile, and web platforms.

What is C?

C is a compiled, procedural programming language that was developed in the early 1970s at Bell Labs. C is an imperative, procedural programming language—meaning that instructions are given to a computer as a sequence of commands. C is also single-threaded, meaning that it can only process one task at a time. C is popular for developing software for systems such as operating systems and network servers.

Here are some of the features of C that make it particularly powerful:

  • C is a compiled language, which means that it can be executed on computer systems as soon as the code has been compiled into machine code. This speeds up the processing time of programs, making them more responsive and user-friendly.
  • C has a well-defined grammar, which makes it easy to write code that is unambiguous and error-free. This helps to prevent mistakes from creeping into your applications and makes them more reliable.
  • C is a cross-platform language, meaning that it can be used to create programs that work on different types of computers. This makes it an ideal choice for developing software for both desktop and mobile devices.

Pros and Cons of Java vs C

Here are some pros and cons of Java vs C:


  • Java is versatile. It can be used to create applications for web browsers, Android devices, Windows platforms, and more.
  • Java is portable. This means that it can be transferred between different platforms without modification.
  • Java has built-in support for concurrency and parallelism. This makes it a good choice for applications that need to handle multiple tasks at once.


  • Java is slower than C, which can make it difficult to achieve fast results when working with large amounts of data.
  • Java does not have as many features as C. This may make it difficult to write code that is tailor-made for specific needs.

Differences Between Java and C

Here are some of the key differences between Java and C:

  • Java is designed to be platform-independent, while C is designed for use on specific platforms.
  • Java developers can use annotations to add comments to their code, which makes it easier to read and understand. C does not have this feature.
  • Java allows developers to create object-oriented applications, while C does not.
  • Java allows developers to use multiple languages together in a project, while C requires a single language be used exclusively.

Which is the Better Programming Language: Java or C?

Java is a versatile and powerful programming language that has inspired many developers over the years. C, on the other hand, is a well-known and widely used language that provides speed and efficiency. Which one should you choose?

Java is known for its robustness and flexibility, making it a good choice for developing complex applications. Additionally, Java provides excellent support for object-oriented programming (OOP), which makes it great for creating sophisticated systems. Java is popular for developing web applications, Android apps, and desktop applications.

C, on the other hand, is most commonly used for system programming and embedded systems. It is also favored for low-level tasks such as device driver development and network programming. However, C can be more efficient when dealing with complex code compared to Java.

So which language is better? Ultimately it depends on your needs as a programmer. If you are primarily using Java to develop web applications or Android apps then it may be the best choice for you. If you want to use a more efficient language for system programming or embedded systems then C would be a better option.


There is no doubt that Java has had a long and successful history in the world of computing. However, there are some people who believe that C is the superior programming language. Why? Because it is more versatile. It can be used to write applications for both desktop and server environments, it can be embedded into other languages, and it has been around longer than Java. So which language should you learn if you want to become a programmer? This debate will likely continue until the end of time, but in the meantime, I hope this article on Java vs C has given you a little insight into what each language offers and why one might be the better choice for your specific needs.

That’s a wrap!

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