Python vs. R: Which One should You Use?

Faraz Logo

By Faraz -

Python is often seen as the statistician's best friend, while R is much more popular with the data scientists. But which one should you choose? In this blog article, we'll discuss what advantages and disadvantages each has, so you can decide for yourself which software to use in your work.

python vs r which one should you use.png

Python is a widely used high-level interpreted language with many libraries and tools, while R is a widely used statistical programming language. Both languages have their own strengths and weaknesses, so it's important to decide which one is right for you before jumping into coding. In this article, we'll compare the two languages and help you decide which one is best for your needs.

What is R and Python?

Python is a widely used high-level programming language that originated in the 1990s. Python is easy to learn for beginners, and its developers have released many libraries to supplement its core functionality. Python has a wide variety of applications, including web development, scientific computing, data analysis, and machine learning.

R is an open source software platform for statistical computing, graphics, data management, and social sciences. It was first developed in the early 1990s at Bell Laboratories by John Chambers and others. R has been used by statisticians, economists, biologists, engineers, scientists, and business people around the world. R is well known for its ability to handle large data sets efficiently and for its graphical user interface (GUI).

Pros and Cons of Using Python vs. R

Here are the pros and cons of using Python vs. R:


  • Python is widely used, so there is a good community of developers and users.
  • It’s easy to learn and use, making it perfect for beginners.
  • There are many libraries and tools available to help you get started with Python.
  • Python has an extensive standard library, which makes it easier to code than some other languages.
  • It has been compared to Ruby for its flexibility and readability.


  • Python can be slower than some other languages when running large calculations or applications.
  • R has more features, so it may be more difficult to learn if you are only interested in certain areas of data analysis.

What is the Difference Between Python and R?

Here are some key differences between Python and R:

Python is interpreted, while R is compiled. This means that Python runs quickly on computers, but R can be more efficient when it comes to crunching large data sets.

Python supports object-oriented programming (OOP), while R does not. OOP allows for code to be written in a more modular fashion, which can make code easier to understand and maintain.

Python provides support for data visualization with the pyplot library, while R does not have a built-in data visualization toolkit. However, there are many third-party libraries available that can let you create sophisticated visualizations.

Overall, Python is easy to learn and has wide-reaching applications, whereas R is more powerful and versatile and may be better suited for specific tasks.

Which One Should You Use?

Python is generally thought of as a more Pythonic language, while R is more popular for statistical analysis. However, both languages are quite capable of handling complex data analysis tasks. If you're already familiar with one of these languages and want to try the other, which should you choose?

There is no single answer to this question since the best decision depends on your specific needs and preferences. However, some general factors to consider include:

-Python's popularity among developers: It's widely used in both commercial and open-source products, so it's likely that there are tools and libraries available to help you get started with data analysis quickly.

-R's statistical capabilities: R is well known for its ability to perform complex data analysis tasks, such as forecasting or analyzing complex time series. If you have specific requirements in this area, R may be a better choice for you.

-Your familiarity with Python or R: If you're already comfortable using one of these languages, choosing another may not be much different. However, if you're new to either Python or R, it might be easier to start with the other.


If you're new to programming or just want a refresher, I recommend that you start with Python. It's an easy language to learn and is widely used in the industry, so chances are high that there is something in the Python library that can help you solve your problem. If you're more experienced and need something more powerful, R might be a better option for you. Both languages have their advantages and disadvantages, but ultimately it depends on what kind of problems you'll be trying to solve and which features are most important to you.

That’s a wrap!

I hope you enjoyed this article

Did you like it? Let me know in the comments below 🔥 and you can support me by buying me a coffee.

And don’t forget to sign up to our email newsletter so you can get useful content like this sent right to your inbox!

Faraz 😊

End of the article

Subscribe to my Newsletter

Get the latest posts delivered right to your inbox

Latest Post